EXTRACT FROM Defra Contingency Plan -
Pages 20 and 21
OUTLINE OF POLICIES
The following policies will be applied on confirmation of FMD:
first case will be confirmed by Laboratory Test)
· A GB wide national
movement ban of susceptible species will be put in place immediately.
Export health certificates for animals and animal products will be
withdrawn. Exports from GB of susceptible animals during the risk period
will be identified and notified to the importing countries.
and other susceptible animals on infected premises will be culled with a target
of within 24 hours of report. Dangerous contacts will be culled with a
target of within 48 hours of report.
· Emergency Vaccination will
immediately be considered as an option based upon emerging epidemiological and
logistical factors. If emergency vaccination is used it would be on the
basis of vaccinate-to-live wherever possible.
· A Protection Zone
will be imposed with a minimum radius of 3km around the Infected Premises and a
Surveillance Zone with a minimum radius of 10km. In the Protection Zone no
animal movements will be allowed except for movement to emergency
slaughter. In both the Protection and Surveillance Zones, there will be
requirements for increased levels of biosecurity on farms, cleansing and
disinfection (C&D) of vehicles, people and machinery moving on/off
farms. Movement of animals, animal products, feed and bedding will be
prohibited, except under licence. Products from animals in these zones
will be subject to treatment to ensure destruction of the FMD virus.
Disposal by incineration will be implemented immediately with rendering as the
next option and other disposal routes being available as an additional resource
subject to environmental, land use planning and public health
· Footpaths will only be closed on Infected Premises and
within the 3km Protection Zone, (A Veterinary Risk Assessment and Protocol for
Rights of Way closure is at Annex E).
2.22 Further action will depend on
the circumstances of a particular outbreak and on scientific and veterinary
advice. The Decision Tree for FMD control strategies (Annex B) will be
followed in deciding what action to take. This sets out the factors the
Government will take into account in deciding which strategy to adopt in order
to control and eradicate the disease. The Animal Health Act 1981, as
amended by the Animal Health Act 2002, lays a duty on the Secretary of State to
consider vaccination as a means of preventing the spread of the disease.
Wherever possible this would be on the basis of emergency vaccinate-to-live. If
a decision not to vaccinate were taken the reasons would be explained before
further measures were introduced.
Consultation with interested parties, to
address outstanding technical, commercial and communications issues on emergency
vaccination is continuing.
2.23 Additional control strategies
· culling of other susceptible livestock exposed to the disease
(e.g. premises under virus plumes, premises contiguous to the infected
· pre-emptive or 'firebreak' culling of animals not on
infected premises, not dangerous contacts or not necessarily exposed to the
disease, in order to prevent the wider spread of the disease outwith an
2.24 A Disease Control (Slaughter) Protocol setting out the
requirements that must be followed in the event of a pre-emptive cull is at
2.25 Once FMD is confirmed the main
elements of this plan are brought into action.
Section 3 sets out
the resources that would be deployed;
Section 4 describes the key operations
that have a central input;
Section 5 sets out the main elements of the
Section 6 describes the strategic organisations and
Section 7 the tactical organisation; and
Section 8 the
These last two are augmented by the SVS
instructions and the local office contingency plans.