The text of the letter to Tony Blair urging a proper count of civilian casualties in Iraq.
Dear prime minister,
The medical journal The Lancet recently published a study that estimates the post-invasion Iraqi death toll at 98,000.
The same study reported that the risk of death from violence among Iraqis is vastly higher than it was before the war began.
You have rejected these findings, but offer no comparable assessment of your own.
As you know, your government is obliged under international humanitarian law to protect the civilian population during military operations in Iraq, and you have consistently promised to do so.
However, without counting the dead and injured, no one can know whether Britain and its Coalition partners are meeting these obligations.
We therefore urge you immediately to commission a comprehensive, independent inquiry to determine with the greatest possible accuracy how many Iraqis have died or been injured since March 2003 - and the cause of those casualties.
The inquiry should be independent of government, conducted according to accepted scientific methods and subjected to peer review so that all parties can be confident of the findings.
It should report regularly to Parliament and the public for as long as British forces remain in Iraq.
Air Marshal the Lord Garden KCB, Visiting Professor, Centre for Defence Studies, King's College London.
The Rt Hon the Lord Rea
General Sir Hugh Beach GBE KCB MC, former Master General of the Ordnance British Army
Sir Brian Barder, former British Ambassador to Ethiopia, Poland and the Republic of Bénin, and British High Commissioner in Nigeria and Australia
Sir Stephen Egerton, former Ambassador to Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Italy
Robin Kealy, HM Diplomatic Service (retired) ambassador to Tunisia 2001-2004
Oliver Miles, former Ambassador to Libya, Luxembourg and Greece
Sir David Ratford, Deputy Political Director, FCO 1987-90, Ambassador to Norway 1990-94
Lord Bishop of Coventry, Rt Revd Colin Bennetts, chairman of the Church of England's Partnership for World Mission
Iqbal Sacranie, secretary general Muslim Council of Britain
Dr Daud Abdullah, assistant secretary general Muslim Council of Britain
Dr Rosemary Hollis
Bianca Jagger, human rights campaigner Council of Europe Goodwill Ambassador
Tony Fletcher, PhD president International Society for Environmental Epidemiology 2004-5, Public and Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Professor Martin McKee, European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Professor James McEwen, Emeritus Professor in Public Health University of Glasgow
Klim McPherson, FFPH FMedSci, visiting professor of Public Health Epidemiology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford
Jerry Morris, Emeritus Professor of Public Health, Public & Environmental Health Research Unit, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Ian Roberts, professor of Epidemiology and Public Heath, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Dr Alex Scott-Samuel, senior lecturer in Public Health, University of Liverpool
Gill Walt, professor of International Health Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Eileen O'Keefe, senior lecturer in Philosophy & Health Policy, London Metropolitan University
Walter Armbrust, director, Middle East Centre, St. Antony's College Oxford
Alex Danchev, professor of International Relations, University of Nottingham
Dr Eric Herring, senior lecturer in International Politics, University of Bristol
Dr Clive Jones, Institute for Politics and International Studies, University of Leeds
Professor Colin McInnes, director, Centre for Health and International Relations, University of Wales Aberystwyth
Turi Munthe, head of Middle East & North Africa Programme, Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies
Dr Gerd Nonneman, reader in International Relations & Middle East Politics, Lancaster University
Martin Shaw, professor of International Relations & Politics, University of Sussex
Avi Shlaim, professor of International Relations, St Antony's College Oxford
Paul Williams, lecturer in Security Studies, University of Birmingham.
Dr Eddie Coyle, consultant in Public Health Medicine, Wales Centre for Health, Velindre NHS Trust, NHS Wales
Philip Leach, senior lecturer in Law, London Metropolitan University
Jonathan Rosenhead, Emeritus Professor of Operational Research, London School of Economics
Professor John O'Keefe, FRS, FAMS, University College London
Professor Tim Valentine, Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College
Richard Norman, professor of Moral Philosophy, University of Kent
Dr Mary Midgley, Moral Philosopher
Dr Susie Orbach, psychotherapist and writer, visiting professor, London School of Economics
Harold Pinter, writer
Linda Grant, writer
Gillian Slovo, writer
Bishop of Oxford Richard Harries
Labour peer Baroness Helena Kennedy QC