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The World Conservation Congress at its 3rd Session in Bangkok, Thailand, 17-25 November 2004:

  • RECOMMENDS that the world’s leaders, civil society, and national and global healthrelated and other scientific institutions:
  • (a) establish formal communication channels among the global institutions responsible for human, domestic animal and wildlife health, and forge linkages to nongovernmental organizations with relevant expertise;
  • (b) draw upon the broader multidisciplinary expertise available from within the IUCNnetwork in policy development, decision making and planning related to human and animal diseases;
  • (c) build capacity within national and global institutions responsible for public health to analyse and address issues at the nexus between human, domestic animal, and wildlife health;
  • (d) support action to control global wildlife trade, an uncontrolled commerce that threatens not only biodiversity but also human health worldwide;
  • (e) develop a global wildlife health surveillance network that can collect and exchange disease-related information with the public health and agricultural animal health communities in real time for ‘early warning’ of potential new and emerging disease threats to humans and animals;
  • (f) limit the mass cull of free-ranging wildlife species for disease control to situations where there is a multidisciplinary, international scientific consensus that a wildlife population poses an urgent, significant threat to public health and safety;
  • (g) recognise that land- and water-use decisions have real implications for global public health as well as biodiversity conservation, and integrate these health risks into project and programme impact assessment and management; and
  • (h) invest in awareness-raising and education on the animal health-human health link, and in rational policy development within and among governments; and
    2. REQUESTS that the IUCN Secretariat, Commissions and members strengthen their knowledge of the interactions between animal health and human health and ecosystem integrity, and identify areas where conservation objectives and public health objectives conflict and align.