FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - ARGENTINA (SALTA): SUSPECTED (02)
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Date: 3 Sept 2003
From: ProMED-mail <promed@promedmail.org>
Source: Office International des Epizooties (OIE) Disease Information [edited]
<http://www.oie.int/Messages/030902ARG.htm>


The last outbreak of foot and mouth disease in Argentina was reported to
the OIE in January 2002.

Translation of information received from Dr C Fernandez Madero, acting
president, National Agrifood Health and Quality Service (SENASA),
Secretariat for Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food, Buenos Aires:
report date: 30 Aug 2003.

The National Health and Agrifood Quality Service (SENASA) confirmed the
presence of pigs with foot lesions in a municipal abattoir in the Tartagal
Department of the Province of Salta (on the Bolivian border).

The area allegedly affected lies inside the zone declared to be on foot and
mouth disease (FMD) alert since last July. All susceptible species in this
area are vaccinated and a programme of intensive surveillance is applied,
which includes reporting any signs compatible with the disease.

Samples were taken for carrying out laboratory diagnosis.

In addition, the following preliminary measures were immediately adopted
whilst awaiting the laboratory results:
- closure of the abattoir and a ban on the movement of all pigs present.
- establishment of a control and disinfection post at the entrance to the
abattoir in order to prevent the entry and exit of any vehicles, persons,
or animals.
- preventive closure of the abattoirs in Aguaray (12 km away from the area
under suspicion) and in Salvador Mazza (30 km away from the area under
suspicion), in addition to the vaccination of all susceptible animals
around them.
- blood sampling of pigs with foot lesions for laboratory diagnosis.
- preventive centripetal FMD vaccination, with revaccination of cattle and
vaccination of all other susceptible species (pigs, sheep, and goats)
within a 10 km radius of the abattoir.
- retrospective investigation.
- active surveillance of any clinical signs of the disease in the zone.
- ban on movements in the departments of San Martin and Rivadavia.

SENASA decided to invite professionals from the Pan American FMD Center to
come to the zone and carry out a joint assessment mission. Further details
will be published in the next issue of Weekly Disease Information,
available online on Fri 5 Sep 2003 afternoon (GMT).

Animal Health Information Department OIE
<information.dept@oie.int>

--
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[Please note a simple typographical error on the OIE website. The alert
message lists the report as "Foot and Mouth Disease in Paraguay," but the
actual link as given above is the correct one for Argentina, with the
details given above.

Given the recent FMD alerts in the border regions of Bolivia and Paraguay
-- which is close to the Salta region of Argentina -- the prudence of
Argentinian animal health officials in filing an OIE report is noted. As
mentioned previously, there are often cases picked up by cautious
surveillance that don't turn out to be FMD. This is particularly true with
pigs with foot lesions in an abattoir. We have to await confirmation. - Mod.PC]

[see also:
Foot & mouth disease - Argentina (Salta): suspected 20030902.2202
Foot & mouth disease - Venezuela: suspected         20030828.2172
Foot & mouth disease - Venezuela (Merida)           20030816.2040
Foot & mouth disease - Bolivia (02): OIE            20030808.1963
Foot & mouth disease - Bolivia, Paraguay            20030726.1835
Foot and mouth disease - Paraguay, Argentina        20030722.1795
Foot & mouth disease - Paraguay (02): OIE           20030715.1743
Foot & mouth disease - Paraguay                     20030714.1730
Foot & mouth disease - Bolivia (Chuquisaca): OIE    20030712.1715
Foot & mouth disease - Argentina: OIE status        20030711.1695
Foot & mouth disease - Paraguay: EU import ban      20030222.0460
Foot & mouth disease - Venezuela                    20030106.0047
2002
---
Foot & mouth disease - Venezuela: OIE               20021205.5968
Foot & mouth disease - Paraguay: OIE (05)           20021117.5837
Foot & mouth disease - Paraguay: confirmed (04)     20021110.5775
Foot & mouth disease - Paraguay: OIE                20021105.5725
Foot & mouth disease - Paraguay (03)                20021103.5708
Foot & mouth disease - Paraguay: suspected (03)     20021101.5687
Foot & mouth disease - Paraguay: suspected (02)     20021012.5537
Foot & mouth disease - Paraguay: suspected          20021010.5513]

................pc/pg/sh

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