ANIMAL MOVEMENTS IN ENGLAND AND WALES – SPRING REGIME 2003
CHANGES TO THE VEHICLE CLEANSING AND DISINFECTION RULES FROM 4 MARCH
1. As of 4 March, the Transport of Animals (Cleansing and Disinfection) (England) (No 2) Order 2000 will be revoked and a new 2003 Order will be introduced.
2. The new Order will maintain the current cleansing and disinfection requirements of the 2000 Order except that:
7 The requirement to disinfect footwells in drivers’ cabs in certain circumstances has been removed. The use of disinfectant in drivers’ cabs is a potential health and safety risk.
7 We have removed an internal inconsistency in the order. Paragraph 4 of Schedule 1 to the 2000 Order says that things cleansed always have to be disinfected after cleansing and said how it was to be done. However, vehicles to be cleansed under Article 4 (which implements the EU directive on the welfare of animals in transit) do not always have to be disinfected after cleansing. This internal inconsistency has been removed.
7 Schedule 2 lists exemptions to those times livestock vehicles have to be cleansed and disinfected on animal health grounds. An additional exemption has been added for vehicles that take animals to livestock shows provided that they return only to the premises of origin and are not used for any other livestock between leaving and returning to the premises of origin.
3. The licence conditions at Appendix A of the Disease Control (Interim Measures) (England) Order 2003 also contain cleansing and disinfection requirements, some of which are additional to those in the Transport of Animals (Cleansing and Disinfection) (England) Order 2003. The licence conditions are expected to be as attached.
4. The current 2000 Order requires cleansing and disinfection of livestock vehicles to be cleansed and disinfected as soon as reasonably practicable and not more than 24 hours after the journey has been completed. The Order says that it must anyway be cleansed and disinfected before it is used again. These requirements will not change in the proposed 2003 Order. Where it is not practicable for a vehicle to cleanse and disinfect when leaving a market or slaughterhouse empty, the existing system of driver declarations to say where the cleansing and disinfection will take place will continue.
5. There will no longer be a need for hauliers to use Defra approved C and D centres and the supervisory role of the MLC and MHS at markets and slaughterhouses will cease.
ANNEX A OF THE DISEASE CONTROL (INTERIM MEASURES) (ENGLAND) ORDER 2003
CLEANSING AND DISINFECTION REQUIREMENTS
1. Subject to the following provisions of this Annex, any vehicle used in any movement under this licence (including any towing vehicle, semi-trailer, trailer or container), and any accessories of the vehicle which might have come into contact with animals, must be cleansed and disinfected prior to each occasion animals are loaded onto the vehicle and on each occasion after animals are unloaded from the vehicle in the following manner:
a) the whole circumference of tyres (including treads), wheel arches, mudguards and mud flaps shall be cleansed and then disinfected using an approved disinfectant (this condition does not apply to movements where the premises being entered are a gathering, licensed under the Animal Gatherings (Interim Measures) (England) Order 2003 for the purposes of a sale, or for onward consignment within Great Britain for slaughter or for further finishing or rearing); then
b) all dung, bedding or litter and other matter shall be effectively removed from the vehicle or container, and shall immediately be destroyed, thoroughly saturated with an approved disinfectant so as to remove the risk of transmission of disease, or disposed of so that animals have no access to it; then
c) the whole of the interior of the vehicle (other than the driver’s cab) or container, the sides and ends of the outside of the vehicle or container and all other parts thereof (including accessories) with which any animal or its dropping or other excretions, or animal carcasses or animal product have or may have been in contact shall be thoroughly cleansed and disinfected using an approved disinfectant in accordance with Schedule 1 of the Transport of Animals (Cleansing and Disinfection) (England) Order 2003; and
d) any crate, box, or other container, any loading board, rope, net or other apparatus or anything used in connection with the loading or unloading or carriage of animals or carcasses in that vehicle or container shall be thoroughly cleansed and disinfected using an approved disinfectant in accordance with Schedule 1 of the Transport of Animals (Cleansing and Disinfection) (England) Order 2003; and
e) the driver’s footwells, access steps to the vehicle, pedals and mats in the cab must be cleansed.
On each occasion (a) – (e) above is followed, the driver’s footwear and outer protective clothing must be cleansed and disinfected using an approved disinfectant.
2. Furthermore, and in addition to the requirements of paragraph 1 above, whenever the vehicle or container leaves any premises in the course of the movement permitted by this licence (whether it is loaded or unloaded), the whole of the circumference of the tyre (including the treads), wheel arches, mudguards and mud flaps of that vehicle or container shall be cleansed and disinfected using an approved disinfectant at the exit point of the premises in question.
3. Any person handling the animals moved under this licence must wash their hands with soap and water after every occasion on which they have handled animals or carried out any of the cleansing and disinfection requirements of this licence.
4. Where a disinfectant is required to be used for any of the purposes set out in this licence, it shall be a disinfectant approved for the purposes of” General Orders” under the Diseases of Animals (Approved Disinfectants) Order 1978 (as amended) (“the 1978 Order”) and shall be used at rates of concentration required for the use of such disinfectant under the 1978 Order.
5. Where a vehicle arrives at a market of any description or a slaughterhouse loaded, and is to leave those premises unloaded, without cleansing and disinfecting on site, the driver must complete an undertaking to cleanse and disinfect the vehicle at other premises to be nominated by the driver. These premises must be fully equipped to perform cleansing and disinfection. The signed undertaking must be handed, before the vehicle leaves the premises, to the operator of the market or slaughterhouse.
6. At each intermediate stop in a journey involving multiple pick-ups, or multiple drop-offs, or both, the tailgate of the vehicle or the loading ramp (or both, if both are used), shall be cleansed and disinfected. The requirements of paragraphs 1(a), 3 and 4 above shall also be complied with.
Place and time at which cleansing and disinfection shall be carried out
7. Subject to paragraph 8 below the cleansing and disinfection required by paragraph 1 of this Annex shall be carried out as soon as reasonably practical, and in any event within 24 hours of the time at which the vehicle is unloaded, or prior to animals being loaded again into the vehicle (whichever is earlier). Cleansing and disinfection may be carried out at any convenient point fully equipped to perform that cleansing and disinfection, save that:
a) any vehicle which has delivered animals to a market of any description and which is to leave those premises loaded must be cleansed and disinfected before loading at the market premises or premises associated with them, but where the delivery is part of a multiple drop off operation, this requirement shall only apply where the market is the last drop off point.
b) any vehicle that arrives empty at a market or a collection centre and is to leave those premises loaded must be cleansed and disinfected immediately after arrival. However, if it is in a clean condition such that cleansing in accordance with paragraph 1 is unnecessary, it need only be disinfected.
c) where any vehicle is entering a market of any description from a farm or another market as part of a multiple pick-up the tailgate of the vehicle must be cleansed and disinfected after loading, but before the vehicle leaves the market premises.
d) Para. 2 above, shall not apply in the case of a vehicle leaving a premises on the occasion that it is licensed to hold a gathering of animals for the purpose of a show or exhibition.
8. Where the same vehicle shuttles livestock between the same two places (unless one of them is a market) on more than one occasion per day, it shall be cleansed and disinfected in accordance with paragraph 1 before the first loading and after the final unloading. The provisions of Article 4 of the Transport of Animals (Cleansing and Disinfection)(England) Order 2003 shall be complied with at all interim stops.
9. Any reference to a collecting centre in this Annex means a collecting centre where animals are gathered for onward transmission direct to a slaughterhouse. Where a collecting centre is used to collect cattle for onward transmission to one farm, the cleansing and disinfection rules to be applied are those which would normally apply to a market. Where premises are to be used as a collecting centre and as a market at the same time, the cleaning and disinfection rules to be applied are those which would normally apply to a market.
10. These conditions shall apply in relation to multiple pick up and drop off operations to the extent that they are not inconsistent with any of the provisions of Annex C.
Note. (this does not form part of the Licence)It is a requirement of the Animals Gathering (Interim Measures) (England) Order 2003 licence that market operators must provide facilities for cleansing and disinfection of tyres (including treads), wheel arches, mudguards and mud flaps on exit from the market premises and the market operator also has a responsibility to ensure that this is done.