In Uruguay a FMD outbreak as extensive as in the UK was - without massive stamping-out - quickly brought under control by the restriction of livestock movements and massive vaccination of the cattle population of approximately 10 million cattle. As in the past, vaccination of the nearly 13 million sheep was not required to control and eradicate the disease.
Extract from the paper by about Uruguay from Dr Simon Barteling and Dr Sutmoller
Information from the Uruguay Embassy
Information about the vaccination programme in Uruguay
Warmwell page about vaccination
And from 2001
A Bloodbath on May Bank Holiday
On 3 May 2001 Uruguay, in the grip of Foot and Mouth disease, decided to vaccinate their entire 10.4 million cattle herd. Their rigorous culling policy, begun ten days ago, failed to stop the disease spreading to other areas. So they have called it off.
On the same day a smiling Tony Blair the British Prime Minister (and about to announce a general election) announced to the world that Britain, after more than ten weeks of the disease, was in the "home straight".
Uruguay realised on Thursday, the culling wasn't working. They were going to have to lose their foot and mouth free status "without vaccination" and in Uruguay that can mean for four years. No wonder they hesitated. The price of vaccinated meat fetches only about half the price of unvaccinated meat on the international markets. For that is of course what lies behind the whole scandalous and heartbreaking affair.
So the weeks have gone by and there have been signs of greater and greater intransigence as the perpetrators dig in and will their policy to work. In 1991 it was Britain herself who,at the insistence of her far too powerful food lobby, persuaded the European Union to halt the routine vaccination of livestock . As the International Herald Tribune remarked so memorably on March 24th 2001, the virus travels with a fluidity comparable only to that of the movements of capital.